Lesson 7.1

会話 Dialogue 1 image

きょう なんにち
Michael:今日は何日ですか。Kyou wa nan-nichi desu ka.

What date is it today?

ようか
Honda:ええっと、 八日じゃないですか。Eetto, youka ja nai desu ka.

Umm, isn’t it the 8th?

いっしゅうかん
Michael:じゃ、締め切りまであと一週間ですね。

Ja, shimekiri made ato is-shuukan desu ne.

Then, it’s one week left until the deadline, right?

Honda: ええ、がんばりましょう。Ee, ganbarimashou.

Yes, let’s do our best.

いっしょうけんめい
Michael:はい、一生懸命、がんばります。Hai, isshoukenmei ganbarimasu.

Yes, I’ll go all out and do my best.

 

単語 Vocabulary

Romanized Japanese

Hiragana

Other Japanese scripts

English

nan-nichi

なんにち

何日

what date? See 7-1-1

youka

ようか

八日

8th (of the month) See 7-1-1

shimekiri

しめきり

締め切り

deadline

ato

あと

remaining, left (with a quantity)

~shuukan

〜しゅうかん

週間

number of weeks See 7-1-2

is-shuukan

いっしゅうかん

一週間

one week

isshoukenmei

いっしょうけんめい

一生懸命

go all out, with utmost effort

文法 Grammar Notes

7-1-1 Calendar time: Counting and Naming Dates

かにち
The classifier for both naming and counting days is: ka 日or nichi 日. When

naming the days of the month, you only go up to the 31st, but when counting days you can go a lot higher. So, 50 nichi can only mean ‘fifty days’ while tooka can mean ‘the tenth of the month’ or ‘ten days.’ Please note the following:

  • the first day of the month is tsuitachi (naming) while one day is ichi-nichi (counting).
  • The Japanese number series with the classifier 〜ka is used up through ten, and then the Chinese number series with 〜nichi is used for the rest.
  • two exceptions: hatsuka ‘the 20th’ or ‘twenty days’ and combinations ending with 4 such as juuyok-ka andnijuuyok-ka.
  • Nan-nichi asks what date? or how many days? Please distinguish between ‘what day of the month’ nan-nichi and ‘what day of the week’ nan-youbi.

Days of the Month image

にち

げつ

すい

もく

きん

ついたち

ふつか

みっか

よっか

いつか

むいか

なのか

ようか

ここのか

10

とおか

11

じゅういちにち

12

じゅうににち

13

じゅうさんにち

14

じゅうよっか

15

じゅうごにち

16

じゅろくにち

17

じゅうしちにち

18

じゅうはちにち

19

じゅうくにち

20

はつか

21

にじゅういちにち

22

にじゅうににち

23

にじゅうさんにち

24

にじゅうよっか

25

にじゅうごにち

26

にじゅうろくにち

27

にじゅうしちにち

28

にじゅうはちにち

29

にじゅうくにち

30

さんじゅうにち

31

さんじゅういちにち

7-1-2 Counting Weeks

しゅうかん

The classifier for counting weeks is ~shuukan 週間. There is no naming

classifier for weeks.Note the sound change (s  ss) with 1, 8 and 10.

Romanized Japanese

Japanese scripts

English

is-shuukan

いっしゅうかん
一週間

one week

ni-shuukan

にしゅうかん

二週間

two weeks

san-shuukan

さんしゅうかん
三週間

three weeks

yon-shuukan

よんしゅうかん
四週間

four weeks

go-shuukan

ごしゅうかん
五週間

five weeks

roku-shuukan

ろくしゅうかん
六週間

six weeks

nana-shuukan

ななしゅうかん
七週間

seven weeks

has-shuukan

はっしゅうかん

八週間

eight weeks

kyuu-shuukan

きゅうしゅうかん

九週間

nine weeks

jus-shuukan

じゅっしゅうかん

十週間

ten weeks

nan-shuukan

なんしゅうかん

何週間

How many weeks?

Drills and Exercises image

A.

Cue: 一日ですか。Is it the first (day of the month)?

Response:いえ、二日です。No, it’s the second.
Cue: 十五日ですか。Is it the fifteenth?

Response:いえ、十六日です。No, it’s the sixteenth.

B.

Cue: 後一時間ですね。There is one more hour left, right?

Response: はい、もう一時間がんばりましょう.

Yes, let’s work hard for one more hour.

Cue: 後、一週間ですね。There is one more week left, right?

Response:はい、もう一週間、がんばりましょう。

Yes, let’s work hard for one more week.

C.

Say it in Japanese.

You’ve been asked when the exam is scheduled.

  • the 3rd
  • Wednesday, the 7th
  • 9:00 a.m. on Friday, the 13th
  • in two more weeks
  • the 4th, 8th, and 20th

D.

Act in Japanese.

  • Find out what day of the month it is today.
  • Your parking time is going to expire soon. Find out how many minutes are left.
  • Find out a) how many days, b) how many weeks are left before the deadline.
  • Your group is going to make an important presentation. Urge everyone to do his or her best.
  • You’ve been wished good luck. Respond.

 

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