Lesson 5.3

会話 Dialogue 3 image

In an office building

Michael: Toire wa docchi desu ka.Where is the rest room?

トイレは、どっちですか。

Honda: Ik-kai no uketsuke de kikimashou.Let’s ask at the reception on the first floor.

いっかいうけつけ き

一階の受付で聞きましょう。

At the receptionist desk

Michael: Sumimasen.Excuse me.

Anou, toire wa dochira deshou ka.Ummm, where is the rest room?

すみません。あのう、トイレはどちらでしょうか。

Reception: Toire desu ka.The rest room?

Achira ni kaidan ga gozaimasu ne.Over there is a stairway, right?

Ano kaidan no mou sukoshi saki ni gozaimasu. It’s a little past that stairway.

かいだん

トイレですか。あちらに、階段がございますね。

かいだんすこ さき

あの階段のもう少し先にございます。

Michael: Sumimasen.Sorry.

Mou ichi-do yukkuri onegai-shimasu.Once more, slowly please.

いちどねが

すみません。もう一度、ゆっくりお願いします。

 

Vocabulary

Romanized Japanese

Japanese scripts

Other Japanese scripts

English

toire

トイレ

rest room

~kai

〜かい

floor (of a building)

ik-kai

いっかい

first floor

uketsuke

うけつけ

受付

receptionist desk

deshou

でしょう

probably, tentative form desu

kaidan

かいだん

階段

stairway, stairs

gozaimasu

ございます

exist, have, be (polite); a polite equivalent of arimasu, typically used by clerks and service personnel.

mou

もう

more

mou sukoshi

もうすこし

もう少し

a little more

saki

さき

ahead

~do

〜ど

classifier for times

ichi-do

いちど

一度

one time

yukkuri

ゆっくり

slowly

infomeeshon

インフォメーション

information (desk)

otearai

おてあらい

お手洗い

rest room

chizu

ちず

地図

map

eriamappu

エリアマップ

area map

erebeetaa

エレベーター

elevator

esukareetaa

エスカレーター

escalator

tonari

となり

next door

yoko

よこ

side, at the side of

mukou

むこう

向こう

opposite side, other side

soba

そば

vicinity, near

+chikaku

ちかく

近く

neighborhood, near

+~kai

〜かい

classifier for times, occasions

Grammar Notes

  • Deshou ‘Probably’

Deshou is a tentative form of desu and indicates probability or likelihood. It can occur after an adjective or a noun:

Takai deshou.It’s probably expensive.

Sensei deshou.She’s probably a teacher.

When the particle ka is added to deshou sentences, it becomes even less sure. For this reason, deshou ka sounds more polite than desu ka in asking questions. Note the falling intonation on ka.

Takai deshou ka.Do you suppose it’s expensive?

Doko deshou ka.Where might it be?

When it is used alone with question intonation, deshou? is a response to something that the speaker feels to be self-evident: ‘Didn’t I tell you?’ or ‘I know you would agree.’

Aa, oishii desu!Oh, it’s delicious!

Deshou?Isn’t it? (Didn’t I tell you?)

  • Mou and Motto ‘More’

Both mou and motto mean ‘more’ in English, but they are followed by different elements. The word motto was introduced in Lesson 3. It combines with a verb, adjective, noun+desu to indicate a greater degree than what has been mentioned.

Motto douzo.Please have more.

Motto yasui apaatocheaper apartments

Motto kirei desu.It’s prettier.

The word mou combines with a quantity expression to indicate added amount. Unlike English, where ‘more’ follows the quantity, in Japanese it precedes the quantity.

mou chottoa little more

mou hito-tsuone more

When you offer something, motto is more polite, but when you accept an offer, mou sukoshi is more polite.

Motto nomimasen ka.Won’t you drink more?

-Ja, mou sukoshi itadakimasu. Well then, I’ll take a little more.

  • More classifiers: 〜kai、〜do /kai

The classifier for floors of a building is –kai/-gai and the classifiers for counting the number of times are –do and -kai (recall Mou ichi-do onegai-shimasu. ‘One more time, please.’ from Lesson 1.) Note the difference between these two questions:

Nan-kai arimasu ka. ’How many floors are there?’

Nan-kai ni arimasu ka. ‘On which floor is it?’

floors

times/occasions

1

一階 ik-kai

一度ichi-do

一回 ik-kai

2

二階 ni-kai

二度ni-do

二回 ni-kai

3

三階 san-kai/ san-gai

三度san-do

三回 san-kai

4

四階 yon-kai

四度yon-do

四回 yon-kai

5

五階 go-kai

五度go-do

五回 go-kai

6

六階 rok-kai

六度roku-do

六回 rok-kai

7

七階 nana-kai

七度nana-do

七回 nana-kai

8

八階 hachi-kai or hak-kai

八度hachi-do

八回 hachi-kai or hak-kai

9

九階 kyuu-kai

九度kyuu-do

九回 kyuu-kai

10

十階 juk-kai or jikkai

十度juu-do

十回 juk-kai or jikkai

?

何階 nan-kai

何度nan-do

何回 nan-kai

Drills and Exercises image

A.

ひとにほんじん

Cue: あの人、日本人ですか。Is he a Japanese?

にほんじん

Response: よくわかりませんけど、日本人でしょう。

I’m not sure, but he is probably a Japanese.

たか

Cue: あのアパート、高くないですか。Isn’t that apartment expensive?

たか
Response: よくわかりませんけど、高くないでしょう。

I’m not sure, but it is probably not expensive.

B.

ひと

Cue: 一つですか。One?

ひと

Response: はい、もう一つです。Yes, one more.

Cue: 食べますか。Will you have some?

Response: はい、もっと食べます。Yes, I’ll have some more.

C.

Say it in Japanese.

You’ve been asked where your apartment is.

  1. It’s near the park.
  2. It’s a little further ahead. There is a bank over there, right? It’s beyond that bank.
  3. It’s two more floors up. It’s tiring because there is no elevator.
  4. It’s on the third floor of the new condo near the university entrance.
  5. It’s next to my company, so it’s really convenient.

D.

Act these roles in Japanese with a partner.

  1. Ask at the information desk where you can find a) the ladies’ room, b) the elevator
  2. You’ve been given directions, but didn’t quite get them. Ask the other person to repeat it slowly.
  3. Urge your guest to eat more. As a guest, accept one more.
  4. You’re talking about a) tomorrow’s weather, b) your final grade in the class, c) what you will get for Christmas. What is your guess?

 

License

Share This Book