Lesson 5.4

会話 Dialogue 4 image

In a gift shop

Emily: Omiyage o kaimashita.I bought souvenirs.

みやげ か

お土産を買いました。

Yamada: Waa, kawaii desu nee.Wow, cute!

わあ、かわいいですねえ。

Emily: Deshou?Aren’t they?

でしょう?

Yamada: Akai no wa kore dake desu ka.Is this all of the red ones?

あか

赤いのは、これだけですか。

Emily: Ie, mou ik-ko arimasu yo. Hora.No, there’s one more! Look.

いっこ

いえ、もう一個ありますよ。ほら。

 

単語 Vocabulary

Romanized Japanese

Hiragana

Other Japanese scripts

English

omiyage

おみやげ

お土産

souvenir

kawaii

かわいい

cute

deshou

でしょう?

Don’t you think?

akai

あかい

赤い

red

akai no

あかいの

赤いの

red one(s)

dake

だけ

only, just

~ko

〜こ

classifier for small objects or pieces

ik-ko

いっこ

一個

one piece, one item

mou ik-ko

もういっこ

もう一個

one more

kakko ii

かっこいい

good-looking, stylish, cool

aoi

あおい

青い

blue

kiiroi

きいろい

黄色い

yellow

shiroi

しろい

白い

white

kuroi

くろい

黒い

black

iro

いろ

color

nani iro

なにいろ

何色

what color?

Colors iro いろ色

Romanized Japanese

Hiragana

Kanji

English

aka

あか

red

ao

あお

blue

kiiro

きいろ

黄色

yellow

shiro

しろ

white

kuro

くろ

black

chairo (chairoi)

ちゃいろ(ちゃいろい)

茶色

brown

midori

みどり

green

murasaki

むらさき

purple

haiiro

はいいろ

灰色

gray

kon iro

こんいろ

紺色

navy, indigo

orenji

オレンジ

orange

pinku

ピンク

pink

nani iro

何色

what color?

Grammar Notes

こまいさつ

5-4-1 More classifiers : 〜個,〜枚,〜冊

The classifier –ko is used for counting pieces or other units that are relatively small—everything from pieces of cake to apples to packets of sugar. The classifier –ko overlaps in many respects with tsu. One difference is that –tsu can be used for abstract things like ideas, meetings, or items in a list, while –ko is used only for concrete items. Observe the following examples:

にこ ふた

りんご二個さとうい ちこ ringo ni-ko or りんご二つ ringo futa-tsu two apples

さとういちこさとうひと

お砂糖一個 osatou ik-ko or お砂糖一つ osatou hito-tsu one packet/cube of sugar

かいぎ ふた

会議が二つありました。Kaigi ga futa-tsu arimasita. There were two meeting.

まい

The classifier for thin, flat objects is 〜枚 mai and the classifier for bound volumes is –

さつ

〜冊satsu. Note the sound changes with one, eight, and the question word.

pieces

Flat objects

Bound volumes

1

ik-ko

ichi-mai

is-satsu

2

ni-ko

ni-mai

ni-satsu

3

san-ko

san-mai

san-satsu

4

yon-ko

yon-mai

yon-satsu

5

go-ko

go-mai

go-satsu

6

rok-ko

roku-mai

roku-satsu

7

nana-ko

nana-mai

nana-satsu

8

hachi-ko or hak-ko

hachi-mai

has-satsu

9

kyuu-ko

kyuu-mai

kyuu-satsu

10

juk-ko

juk-mai

jus-satsu

?

nan-ko

nan-mai

nan-satsu

5-4-2 Colors Nouns and Adjectives

Some of the colors have both an adjective and a noun form, as shown in the list above. Thus it is possible to say both aka desu and akai desu to mean ‘It’s red.’ Equally the negative forms are aka ja nai desu and akaku nai desu. Which one to use largely depends on the convention, while you can probably assume the noun versions indicate classification rather than appearance or characteristics (aka for red wines and the red light, for example.)All the color words borrowed from other languages are nouns, and modify nouns with no:

Japanese script

Romanized Japanese

English

ブルーのバッグ

buruu no baggu

blue bag

かみ

オレンジの紙

orenji no kami

orange paper

Drills and Exercises image

A.

Listen to the audio. Following the first two model exchanges, respond to each cue.

Cue: おみやげ、買いましたか。Did you buy souvenirs?

ともだち かわたしか

Response: 友達は買いましたけど、 私 は買いませんでした。

My friend bought some, but I didn’t buy any.

つか

Cue: パワーポイント、使いましたか。 Did you use PowerPoint?

ともだちつかわたしつか

Response: 友達は使いましたけど、 私 は使いませんでした。

My friend used it, but I didn’t.

B.

かみ
Cue: 紙はこれだけですか。Is this all the paper there is?

いちまい
Response: いえ、もう一枚あります。 No, there’s one more sheet.

きょうかしょ
Cue: 教科書 はこれだけですか。Is this all the textbooks there are?

いっさつ
Response: いえ、もう一册あります。 No, there’s one more.

C.

あか
Cue: 赤いですね。Is it red?

あか
Response: いえ、赤くないです。No, it’s not.

あか
Cue: 赤ですね。Is it red?

あか
Response: いえ、赤じゃないです。No, it’s not.

D.

Say it in Japanese.

Your co-worker asked what you did last weekend. Reply:

  1. I stayed in my apartment because I had a lot of homework.
  2. I studied in the library. The senpai was there, too.
  3. I went out, but came home early.
  4. I practiced Japanese, of course, because there is a test tomorrow.
  5. I read three books. I will read one more today. I love books, so….

Ask a co-worker for:

  1. one more sheet of blue paper
  2. two more maps in English and one more in Japanese
  3. more pencils
  4. ten obento and five bottles of water
  5. a lot more pens, pencils, etc.

E.

Act in Japanese.

  1. A friend is trying on new clothes. Mention a) how cute they are, b) how cool he looks, c) how amazing he looks.
  2. Ask a clerk if this is the only a) red one, b) blue one, c) one in black and white.
  3. You’ve been asked to deliver the following items. Confirm how many of them are needed. a) pencils, b) onigiri, c) bottles of water, d) the new textbooks, e) umbrellas, d) chairs, f) maps of Tokyo, g) slices of bread, h) Danish
  4. Ask a classmate what her favorite color is.
  5. You and a friend have been debating over an issue, and the friend finally admits you are right. Respond.

 

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