Lesson 7.3

会話 Dialogue 3 image

らいしゅう ともりょこう
Michael:来 週、友だちと旅行します。Raishuu tomodachi to ryokou-shimasu.

I’ll be traveling with a friend next week.

Tanaka:どちらへ?Dochira e? Where to?

きょうとい じんじゃ てらまわ
Michael:京都に行って、神社やお寺を回ります。

Kyouto ni itte, jinja ya otera o mawarimas

We’ll go to Kyoto and visit around shrines, temples, etc.

Tanaka:そう?いいわねえ。Sou? Ii wa nee.

Really? Good for you. (I envy you)

みやげか

Michael:お土産、買ってきますよ。Omiyage, katte kimasu yo.

We’ll bring back a souvenir for you!

 

単語 Vocabulary

Romanized Japanese

Hiragana

Other Japanese scripts

English

raishuu

らいしゅう

来週

next week

konshuu

こんしゅう

今週

this week

senshuu

せんしゅう

先週

last week

to

with

tomodachi to

ともだちと

友達と

with a friend

ryokou

りょこう

旅行

trip

shucchou

しゅっちょう

出張

business trip

dochira e

どちらへ

where to?

jinja

じんじゃ

神社

(Shinto) shrine

otera

おてら

お寺

(Buddhist) temple

kyoukai

きょうかい

教会

church

oshiro

おしろ

お城

castle

mawarimasu

まわります

回ります

go around

X をまわります

take a tour of X

katte

かって

買って

buy (te-form)

katte kimasu

かってきます

買ってきます

go and buy, buy and come back

文法 Grammar Notes

7-3-1 Verb ~te Form

Every verb ends in ~masu/mashita and their negative forms ~masen/~masen deshita. In this lesson we introduce another form, the ~te form. This form has many uses including for making requests and for linking sentences in chronological order.

  • To make an informal style request, just use the ~て form. To make a formal style request, add kudasai.

見て。Mite.Look.

見てください。Mite kudasai.Please look.

ちょっと手伝ってください。Chotto tetsudatte kudasai. Please give me a hand.

  • To combine two or more sentences into one, change each verb to a 〜て form except for the final verb.

きょうと いてら み
京都に行きます。お寺を見ます。Kyouto ni ikimasu. Otera o mimasu.

I’ll go to Kyoto. I’ll see temples.

きょうといてらみ

→京都に行って、お寺を見ます。Kyouto ni itte, otera o mimasu.

I’ll go to Kyoto and see temples.

It may sound repetitive and immature if more than three sentences are combined in this manner.

How do you make the ~te form of a verb? The conversion rules will be explained in later lessons. For now, memorize the ~te forms of the verbs that have been introduced so far.

Type 1: ~te(tabete, mite, kite, shite, dekite, dete, hanashite, norikaete, orite, ) Type 2: ~tte(ikimasu-itte, kaimasu-katte, tsukaimasu-tsukatte, norimasu-notte,

arimasu-atte,aimasu-atte, wakarimasu-wakatte, kaerimasu-kaette, tsukurimasu-tsukutte, tsukaimasu-tsukatte, hashirimasu-hashitte, )

Type 3: ~ite(kakimasu-kaite, kikimasu-kiite, tsukimasu-tsuite, arukimasu-aruite)

Type 4: ~ide(isogimasu-isoide)

Type 5: ~nde (nomimasu-nonde, yomimasu-yonde)

7-3-2 Verb ~te form + motion verbs

We say itte kimasu when we leave home in the morning or leave the office for a meeting. It literally means ‘I’ll go and come back.’ Similarly, Koohii, katte kimasu means ‘I’ll buy coffee and come back.’

When a ~te form is combined with the kimasu, it has the same meaning as the English phrase ‘go (and) do something.’ In English the going is mentioned and the coming back is assumed. On the other hand, in Japanese the going is assumed and the coming back is mentioned:

ひるはんた

昼ご飯食べてきます。Hirugohan Tabete kimasu. I’ll go and have lunch.

ちょっと見てきます。Chotto mite kimasu.I’ll just go (and) take a look.

In this pattern, the two activities are seen as one sequence, and the negative form negates usually the first activity, not the last. Note the following.


おみやげ、買ってきませんでした.Omiyageu katte kimasen deshita.

I (went there) but didn’t buy gifts. (I forgot to buy gifts.)

しゅくだい
宿 題してきませんでした.Shukudai shite kimasen desita.

I didn’t do my homework before I came.

A ~te form can be combined with other verbs of motion such as ikimasu and

kaerimasu as well. Compare the following.

買ってきます。Katte kimasuI’ll go and buy it (and come back).

買って行きます。Katte ikimasu.I’ll buy it and go.

7-3-3 Particle To indicating accompaniment ‘with’

We learned earlier that the particle to connects nouns.

きょうとあした kyou to ashita Today and tomorrow

In this lesson, we introduce the particle と meaning ‘with.’ It connects the preceding noun to the verb.

ともだちきょうと

友達と京都へ行きます。Tomocachi to Kyouto e ikimasu.

I’m going to Kyoto with a friend.

せんせい はな
先生と話しました。Sensei to hanashimashita. I talked with a teacher.

Drills and Exercises image

A.

Listen to the audio. Following the first two model exchanges, respond to each cue.

Cue: 見ましょうか。Shall I look at it?

Response: はい、見てください。Yes, please look at it.

Cue: 手伝いましょうか。Shall I help?

Response: はい、手伝ってください。Yes, please help.

B.

Cue: 買いますか.Will you buy it?

Response: はい、ちょっと買ってきます。Yes, I’ll just go and buy it.

Cue: 聞きますか。Will you ask?

Response: はい、ちょっと聞いてきます。Yes, I’ll just go and ask.

C.

Say it in Japanese.

You’ve been asked where you are going.

  • I’m going to a hot spring with friends.
  • I’m going to Hokkaido and ski.
  • I’m going to Osaka and see the castle, temples, etc.
  • I’m going back home and see my old friends.
  • I’m going to Tokyo University and study history.

Make the following requests to a) a colleague b) a friend:

  • Please email me.
  • Please come 15 minutes early tomorrow.
  • Please write this in Japanese.
  • Please speak slowly.
  • Please go and buy some coffee for me.

D.

Act in Japanese.

  • You see a neighbor dressed up to go out. Ask where she is going?
  • Let Ms. Honda know that you are taking a trip to Okinawa with friends in May and invite her to come as well.
  • Comment that there are temples and shrines everywhere in Japan. Ask which one is the oldest.
  • You and a co-worker are visiting a customer’s office in Kyoto. Suggest that a) you call them first and then go, b) go and buy famous gifts from Kyoto for your staff.
  • Describe what you did over the weekend. Sequence activities. Describe how they were.

 

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