Lesson 6.4

会話 Dialogue 4 image

At the theater

Michael: Girigiri deshita kedo,We were close, but

maniaimashita ne.we made it in time, didn’t we!

ま あ
ギリギリでしたけど、間に合いましたね。

Honda: Ee, hotto shimashita.Yes, What a relief!

ええ、ほっとしました。

After the movie

Michael: Saikou deshita ne!That was the best.

さいこう
最高でしたね。

Honda: Ee, omoshirokatta desu ne.Yes, it was interesting, wasn’t it?

ええ、おもしろかったですね。

 

単語 Vocabulary

Romanized Japanese

Hiragana

Other Japanese scripts

English

ma ni aimasu

まにあいます

間に合います

be in/on time

okuremasu

おくれます

遅れます

be late

hotto-shimasu

ほっとします

be relieved

dokidoki-shimasu

どきどきします

be nervous, afraid, surprised

dokidoki

どきどき

ドキドキ

the sound of a heartbeat

gakkari-shimasu

がっかりします

disappointed

girigiri

ぎりぎり

just barely, just in time

saikou

さいこう

最高

great, the highest, the best

imaichi

いまいち

今一

not quite, not very good

omoshiroi

おもしろい

interesting

omoshirokatta

おもしろかった

was interesting

tsumaranai

つまらない

boring, tiresome

subarashii

すばらしい

wonderful, outstanding

kowai

こわい

scary

tanoshii

たのしい

楽しい

fun, enjoyable

kanashii

かなしい

悲しい

sad

waraimasu

わらいます

笑います

laugh, smile

nakimasu

なきます

泣きます

cry

文法 Grammar Notes

6-4-1 Onomatopoeia

Hotto, girigiri, dokidoki and gakkari are examples of Japanese onomatopoeia ( オノマトペ). Onomatopoeia are abundant in Japanese, as you can see on the pages of comic books, but we limit our selection here to those that are commonly used to express emotions. Many Japanese onomatopoeia consist of four syllables with the first two syllables repeated twice, like dokidoki, and you find them in either hiragana or katakana. Usually shimasu or desu follow them.

ドキドキしました。Dokidoki shimashita. I got nervous/ thrilled.

ドキドキでした。Dokidoki deshita.I was nervous/thrilled.

ぎりぎり girigiri means being close to the limit or barely making the set goal.

まあ
バスに、ギリギリ間に合いました.Basu ni girigiri maniaimashita.

I barely caught the bus.

しけんべんきょう
試験ぎりぎりまで勉 強しました.Shiken girigiri made benkyou-shimashita.

I studied up to the last minute before the exam.

Onomatopoeia オノマトペ image

Romanized Japanese

Japanese script

English

perapera

ペラペラです

fluent

iraira-shimasu

イライラします

irritated, impatient

harahara-shimasu

ハラハラします

anxious about how things are going to turn out, apprehensive

mukamuka-shimasu

ムカムカします

have a surge of anger, feel sick, queasy

nikoniko-shimasu

ニコニコします

smile happily

kuyokuyo-shimasu

クヨクヨします

worry about a trivial matter, mope, brood

Drills and Exercises image

A.

つうがく でんしゃ
Cue: 通学は、電車ですか。Do you commute by train?

まえでんしゃいまでんしゃ
Response: 前は、電車でしたけど、今は電車じゃないです。

It was by train before, but now it’s not.

Cue: あのレストランは、おいしいですか。Is that restaurant good?

まえいま
Response: 前は、おいしかったですけど、今はおいしくないです。

It was good before, but now it’s not.

B.

Cue: おいしかったですか。Was it delicious?

Response: いえ、おいしくなかったですよ。No, it wasn’t delicious.

に ほ ん ご
Cue: 日本語でしたか。Was it Japanese?

に ほ ん ご
Response: いえ、日本語じゃなかったですよ。No, it wasn’t Japanese.

* Repeat this drill replacing nakatta desu with arimasen deshita.

C.

Say it in Japanese.

You’ve been asked about the movie you saw.

  • It was the best. I’ll see it one more time tomorrow.
  • It was sad. I cried a lot.
  • It was scary. My heart was pounding, so I did not watch the whole thing.
  • It was not very good. It was a bit boring, although the hero was really cool.
  • It was wonderful. I laughed a lot. I like fun movies.

You admire Ms. Hayashi. Explain that:

  • she never gets irritated
  • she never worries about trivial matters
  • she is the best Senpai
  • she is never late for work

D.

Act in Japanese

  • Ask a co-worker how she enjoyed the following items: a) the French movie b) the hot spring in Kyushu, c) the beaches/ocean in Okinawa, d) the fastest bullet train.
  • You’ve just passed an exam. Express a) how relieved you are, b) how nervous you were, c) how you barely passed it, d) how disappointed you are because your math was not quite good.
  • You’ve been asked how the conference was. Express your disappointment, explain that you were late for the 9:00 o’clock presentation, although you made the 10:00 o’clock one.
  • Describe a) the kind of movie you like, b) the kind of person you admire, c) the kind of person you are.

 

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