Lesson 8 Review

Review

Grammar Review

  • What four groups are Japanese verbs divided into?
  • Describe how to make the non-past affirmative plain verb form from the ~masu form.
  • Describe how to make the non-past negative plain verb form from the plain affirmative form.
  • Is it possible to tell which group a verb belongs by its ~masu form? By its plain form?
  • What does the pattern /plain form + n desu/ mean?
  • What is the difference in meaning between the following?

Takai desu.

Takai n desu.

  • What is the difference between the following?

Kaeru n desu.

Kaeru no.

  • What happens to the noun sentence when /n desu/ is attached?
  • Explain the difference in meaning among the following.

Isogashii desu kara.

Isogashii n desu.

Isogashii shi.

  • We have covered three kinds of particle ni so far: Location, Goal, and Purpose. Give an example of each.
  • What kind of verbs follow the purpose expressions with the particle ni?
  • What two kinds of elements occur before the purpose particle ni?
  • What is the difference between the following?

Tanoshii deshou.

Tanoshii darou.

  • What does X yori mean?
  • What does X no hou mean?
  • How do you list two items you are comparing? More than three items?
  • What is the difference in meaning between the following?

Koohii ga ii desu.

Koohii de ii desu.

Sample Homework/ Quiz

Listening Headphones

What is the question(s)? Answer in English.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Give an English equivalent of each reply to the question “?”.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Grammar

Read each context and circle the item that best fits the blank.
  • You’d like to invite a friend to see Sumo.

Sumo ?a. mitaib. minaic. mirud. mite

  • You want to know when is the best among these dates to have a meeting.

Kono naka de ga ichiban ii?a. dochirab. itsuc. dokod. dare

  • You’ve been asked why you are not going for a walk.

Ame .a shi. b. na n desu.c. kara.d. no.

  • At a restaurant, your friend has asked if he could order beer for everyone. You respond saying:

Okkee. Biiru ii yo.a. gab. oc. ded.wa

  • Ask a friend to ask the question at the information desk.

Infomeeshion de .a. kiteb. kikimasuc. kiited. kiku

  • You’ve been asked where you are going. You are going out for a coffee break.

Koohii ni itte kuru.a. tabeb. nomuc. nonded. nomi

  • Ask a friend if he is interested in seeing Sumo.

Sumo ?a. mita b tabetaku nai c. tabe ni ikanai? d. tabe ni iku?

  • You’ve been invited to a party by a business associate. Turn it down politely.

Sekkaku desu a. shi…b. kedo….c. karad. nee.

  • You are at Tokyo Tower. Ask a stranger to take a picture of you.

Sumimasen, shashin .

  • kudasaib. tottec. torimashou kad. totte itadakemasen ka.
Circle the letter of the most appropriate item in the given context.
  • You’ve been asked which you like better, movies or sport.
  • Eiga yori suki desu.b. Eiga wa motto suki desu.

c. Eiga ga ichiban suki desu.d. Eiga no hou ga suki desu

  • A friend is getting ready to leave. Check your assumption that she is going home.
  • Kaeru n desu ka?b Kaeru no?c. Kaeranai no?d. Kaerimasu ka?
  • You’d like to ask a friend a question. How do you get her attention?
  • Sumimasen.b. Anoo.c. Hora?d. Nee..
Fill in the chart in Romanization or Hiragana.

~masu form

~te form

Plain Affirmative

Plain negative

kikimasu

1.

2.

3.

aimasu

4.

5.

6.

arimasu

X

7.

8.

shimasu

X

9.

10.

kimasu

X

11.

12.

mazemasu

mazete

13

14.

15

yonde

yobu

16.

Answer in English.
  • Describe an example of situations where you might say ‘Isogashii n desu’ rather than ‘Isogashii desu.’
  • Describe a situation where the informal form of a honorific verb such as ‘irassahruis typically used.

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