Grammar Review

  1. What endings does a Japanese verb have? (1-1-1)
  2. For verbs, what marks the non-past affirmative? The negative? (1-1-1)
  3. What does Non-Past mean? (1-1-1)
  4. For verbs, what marks the past affirmative? The negative? (1-4-1)
  5. What does iie mean? How different is it from “no” in English? (1-1-2)
  6. Where does a subject occur in a Japanese sentence? An adverb? (1-2-1, 1-1-4)
  7. What is the difference between sore and are? (1-2-2)
  8. Where does a sentence particle occur? Give three examples of sentence e particles with their meanings. (1-1-3, 1-3-5)
  9. How do you invite someone to do something in Japanese? (1-3-1)
  10. In the phrase Are wa? What does wa mean? (1-2-4)
  11. What is the difference in meaning among the following sentences: (1-2-4, 1-2-5) Ashita yasumimasu. ; Ashita wa yasumimasu. ; Ashita mo yasumimasu.
  12. What is a compound verb? Give three examples. (1-4-2)
  13. How is chotto used? (1-3-2)
  14. How is sou desu ka used? (1-3-3)
  15. How is kedo used? (1-2-3)
  16. What caution is given regarding addressing the person you are talking to? (1-3-4)

Practical Application

Look at each picture, apply an appropriate verb from this lesson, and a) ask a coworker if he does it often, b) invite an acquaintance to do it, c) ask if a coworker did it yesterday, and d) how would you answer if asked these questions?

1. A pen resting by an open agenda or personal calendar.2. A steaming mug of coffee or tea.

3. A movie theater.  4.A person jogging in athletic clothes and shoes.

5. A bunch of fruits and vegetables. 6. An egg with directions on how to cook an omelet written on the egg shell.

7. A computer cursor hovering over the words "Shopping Cart."

Look at the memorandum. Read the context below and act in Japanese.

Going away party for Yuuki

6:00, tomorrow (Friday)

Kyoto Garden Restaurant

  1. Ask a co-worker if she read this.
  2. As an organizer of this event, invite an acquaintance to come to the event tomorrow.
  3. You’ve been invited to the event by an organizer. Thank her and tell her that you are coming.
  4. Apologize and turn down the invitation politely.
  5. As an organizer, tell an acquaintance that Ms. Honda is coming as well.
  6. Tell an organizer that you are going but Ms. Honda is not.
  7. You are going to the event. Invite an acquaintance to come with you as well.
  8. Confirm that he is coming.


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