Review

Grammar Review

  • Japanese has three types of sentences: verb sentence, noun sentence and adjective sentence. Give example of each in the Non-past and Past affirmative forms and their negative forms. (3-1- 1)
  • We have seen various examples of the following ways to expand a noun into a noun phrase. (3-1-2, 3-2-2, 3-3-1)
    • Noun no Noun
    • Adjective + Noun
    • Kono + Noun
    • Noun na Noun
  • Give an example of each.
  • Give an example of a noun phrase with all the modifiers above combined.
  • What happens in each case when the main noun is already understood?
  • Compare the difference in meaning among the following: (3-4-1, 3-4-2)
    • Kami to enpitsu, irimasu ka.
    • Kami to enpitsu mo irimasu ka.
    • Kami to enpitsu wa irimasu ka.
    • Kami mo enpitsu mo irimasu ka.
    • Kami toka enpitsu toka irimasu ka.
    • Kami toka enpitsu mo irimasu ka.
  • In English, large numbers are counted by groups of three places. How about in Japanese? (3-2-1)
  • Which numbers have alternating forms?
  • Give three examples of a classifier. How are they used?
  • What does arimasu mean? What are its two negative forms? (3-1-3)
  • What are the ~ku form and ~katta form for the adjective ii? (3-1-1)
  • Give two examples of the adjective ~ku form being used as adverb. (3-3-2)
  • How are na-nouns different from adjectives? From other nouns? (3-3-1)

Practical Applications

  • Use online apartment listings and discuss the relative merits of each.
  • Recall what was discussed in A. Check and share your recollections with others.

Numbers

Table 9. Numbers 1-40 in groups of ten, written in Japanese with English alphabet

1-10

11-20

21-30

31-40

1 ichi

11 juuichi

21 nijuu-ichi

31 sanjuu-ichi

2 ni

12 juuni

22 nijuu-ni

32 sanjuu-ni

3 san

13 juu-san

23 nijuu-san

33 sanjuu-san

4 shi, yo, yon

14 juu-shii/yon

24 nijuu-shi/yon

34 sanjuu-shi/yon

5 go

15 juu-go

25 nijuu-go

35 sanjuu-go

6 roku

16 juu-roku

26 nijuu-roku

36 sanjuu-roku

7 shichi, nana

17 juu-shichi/nana

27 nijuu-shich/nanai

37 sanjuu-shichi/nana

8 hachi

18 juu-hachi

28 nijuu-hachi

38 sanjuu-hachi

9 kyuu, ku

19 juu-kyuu/ku

29 nijuu-kyuu/ku

39 sanjuu-kyuu/ku

10 juu

20 nijuu

30 sanjuu

40 yonjuu

Table 10. Numbers 41-80 in groups of ten, written in Japanese with English alphabet

41-50

51-60

61-70

71-80

41 yonjuu-ichi

51 gojuu-ichi

61 rokujuu-ichi

71 nanajuu-ichi

42 yonjuu-ni

52 gojuu-ni

62 rokujuu-ni

72 nanajuu-ni

43 yonjuu-san

53 gojuu-san

63 rokujuu-san

73 nanajuu-san

44 yonjuu-shi/yon

54 gojuu-shi/yon

64 rokujuu-shi/yon

74 nanajuu-shi/yon

45 yonjuu-go

55 gojuu-go

65 rokujuu-go

75 nanajuu-go

46 yonjuu-roku

56 gojuu-roku

66 rokujuu-roku

76 nanajuu-roku

47 yonjuu-shichi/nana

57 gojuu-shichi/nana

67 rokujuu-shichi/nana

77 nanajuu-shichi/nana

48 yonjuu-hachi

58 gojuu-hachi

68 rokujuu-hachi

78 nanajuu-hachi

49 yonjuu-kyuu/ku

59 gojuukyuu/-ku

69 rokujuukyuu/-ku

79 nanajuu-kyuu/ku

50 gojuu

60 rokujuu

70 nanajuu

80 hachijuu

 Table 11. Numbers 41-80 in groups of ten, written in Japanese with English alphabet

41-50

51-60

61-70

71-80

41 yonjuu-ichi

51 gojuu-ichi

61 rokujuu-ichi

71 nanajuu-ichi

42 yonjuu-ni

52 gojuu-ni

62 rokujuu-ni

72 nanajuu-ni

43 yonjuu-san

53 gojuu-san

63 rokujuu-san

73 nanajuu-san

44 yonjuu-shi/yon

54 gojuu-shi/yon

64 rokujuu-shi/yon

74 nanajuu-shi/yon

45 yonjuu-go

55 gojuu-go

65 rokujuu-go

75 nanajuu-go

46 yonjuu-roku

56 gojuu-roku

66 rokujuu-roku

76 nanajuu-roku

47 yonjuu-shichi/nana

57 gojuu-shichi/nana

67 rokujuu-shichi/nana

77 nanajuu-shichi/nana

48 yonjuu-hachi

58 gojuu-hachi

68 rokujuu-hachi

78 nanajuu-hachi

49 yonjuu-kyuu/ku

59 gojuukyuu/-ku

69 rokujuukyuu/-ku

79 nanajuu-kyuu/ku

50 gojuu

60 rokujuu

70 nanajuu

80 hachijuu

Table 12. Numbers 81-100 in groups of ten; 100-1000 in groups of hundreds; and 1000-9000 in groups of thousands. All written in Japanese with English alphabet.

81-90

91-100

100-1000

1000-9000

81 hachijuu-ichi

91 kyuujuu-ichi

100 hyaku

1000 sen

82 hachijuu-ni

92 kyuujuu-ni

200 ni-hyaku

2000 ni-sen

83 hachijuu-san

93 kyuujuu-san

300 san-byaku

3000 san-zen

84 hachijuu-shi/yon

94 kyuujuu-shi/yon

400 yon-shi/hyaku

4000 yon-shi/sen

85 hachijuu-go

95 kyuujuu-go

500 go-hyaku

5000 go-sen

86 hachijuu-roku

96 kyuujuu-roku

600 rop-pyaku

6000 roku-sen

87 hachijuu-shichi/nana

97 kyuujuu-shichi/nana

700 nana-hyaku

7000 nana-sen

88 hachijuu-hachi

98 kyuujuu-hachi

800 hap-pyaku

8000 has-sen

89 hachijuu-kyuu/ku

99 kyuujuukyuu/-ku

900 kyuu-hyaku

9000 kyuu-sen

90 kyuujuu

100 hyaku

1000 sen

1000 sen

Table 13. Numbers 10,000 – 90,000 in groups of ten thousand. Written in Japanese with English alphabet.

10,000 – 90,000

10,000 ichi-man

20,000 ni-man

30,000 san-man

40,000 yon-man

50,000 go-man

60,000 roku-man

70,000 nana-man

80,000 hachi-man

90,000 kyuu-man

how many 100’s? nan-byaku

how many 1000’s? nan-zen

how many 10,000’s? nan-man

0 rei or zero

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