Review

Review

Grammar Review

  • What is the difference in meaning among the following? (4-1-1, 4-3-2)
  • Yasumimasen ka.
  • Yasumimashou.
  • Yasumimashou ka
  • Yasumitai desu ka.
  • What is the difference in meaning between the following? (4-1-3)
  • Yasai desu kedo tabemasen.
  • Yasai desu kara tabemasen.
  • Give two examples of classifiers and one example of things that each classifier is used to count. (4-4-1)
  • What is the difference in meaning between the following sentences? (4-1-2, 4-2-1)
  • Honda-san o mimashita.
  • Honda -san ga mimashita.
  • What is the difference in meaning among the following sentences? (4-1-2)
  • Wain nomimasu ka.
  • Wain wa nomimasu ka.
  • Wain mo nomimasu ka.
  • Wain o nomimasu ka.
  • What are the two types of quantity expressions in Japanese? Where do they typically occur in a sentence? (4-4-2)
  • What is a double-subject sentence? Give an example. (4-3-1)
  • How is a ~tai form made? What does it mean? (4-3-2)
  • What is the negative form of tabetai desu? The Past form? The Past negative form? (4-3-2)
  • The typical word order in a Japanese sentence is as follows:(4-1-2, 4-2-1, 4-4-2)

Time – Subject – Object – Quantity – Verb

The chart below summarizes what particle to choose for different parts (columns) with the different discourse functions (rows). On the basis of the chart, pay close attention to the particles and handle the following situations.

Table 16. Choices of particles for different discourses functions

Time

Kinou

Subject

watashi

Object

keeki

Quantity

hiyo-tsu

Neutral

no particle

no particle

no particle

no particle

Contrast

wa

wa

wa

wa

Addition

mo

mo

mo

mo

Focused/New

no particle

ga

o

no particle

Tabemashita

  • Find out if a co-worker eats sushi.
  • You know he ordered sushi yesterday. Find out if he will have more today.
  • At the restaurant, you’ve been asked what you are going to eat. You’d like a little sushi.
  • Ask Ms. Honda what she will eat.
  • The waiter brought you sushi. You didn’t order it. You ordered Sashimi.
  • Everyone in your group is drinking sake. You don’t like sake and would rather have beer. What offered sake, what would you do?
  • You usually do not drink beer, but today is a special day. You will have some.
  • You’ve been asked if you eat Japanese food often. Well, you do sometimes, but not very often.

Practical Applications

  • Check menus from different kinds of restaurants, discuss what you will have and how many, and then order them.
  • Your group is organizing an event. At an organizational meeting, choose volunteers for each task below. Confirm who is in charge of each task and who can help.
  • make posters
  • make copies of posters
  • clean the room #101
  • order bento
  • buy beverages, snacks, etc.
  • buy cups, plates, and tableware

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