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Emmett Rose, Portland State University, 2017.

O’Connor, Rebecca. Stories. 2010. Flickr, https://flic.kr/p/7V4zvx. Reproduced with attribution under Creative Commons license.

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Goetsch, Steven. CSAF releases 2009 reading list. Air Combat Command, U.S. Air Force, http://www.acc.af.mil/News/Photos/igphoto/2000638216/. Reproduced from the Public domain as a government document.

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Texts (in alphabetical order)

All texts not cited below were provided with written consent from anonymous student authors.

All student authors have provided written consent for their work to be reproduced in this textbook.

Ballenger, Bruce. The Curious Researcher, 9th edition, Pearson, 2018.

Baotic, Anton, Florian Sicks and Angela S. Stoeger. “Nocturnal ‘Humming’ Vocalizations: Adding a Piece of the Puzzle of Giraffe Vocal Communication.” BioMed Central Research Notes vol. 8, no. 425, 2015. US National Library of Medicine, doi 10.1186/s13104-015-1394-3.

Barthes, Roland. Image, Music, Text, translated by Stephen Heath, Hill and Wang, 1977.

Beer, Jessica. “The Advertising Black Hole.” WR-222, Fall 2016, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Bell, Kayti. “You Snooze, You Peruse.” WR-323, Winter 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

“The Big Bang.” Doctor Who, written by Steven Moffat, BBC, 2010.

Bloom, Benjamin S., et al. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. D. McKay Co., 1969.

Burke, Kenneth. The Philosophy of Literary Form, University of California Press, 1941.

Butler, Joey. “Under the Knife.” WR-121, Fall 2016, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Calli, Bryant. “Student Veterans and Their Struggle with Higher Education.” WR-121, Fall 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Carroll, Jesse. “Catacombs intro revision.” WR-222, Fall 2015, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Chan, Chris. “Innocence Again.” WR-121, Fall 2014, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Chopin, Kate. “The Story of an Hour.” 1894. The Kate Chopin International Society, 13 Aug. 2017, https://www.katechopin.org/story-hour/. Reproduced from the Public domain.

Cioffi, Sandy, director. Sweet Crude. Sweet Crude Movie LLC, 2009.

Coble, Ezra. “Vaccines: Controversies and Miracles.” WR-122, Spring 2018, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Curtiss, Tim. “Carnivore Consumption Killing Climate.” WR-121, Winter 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

——. “Untitled.” WR-121, Winter 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

de Joya, Carlynn. “All Quiet.” WR-323, Winter 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Deloria, Jr., Vine. “Power and Place Equal Personality.” Indian Education in America by Deloria and Daniel Wildcat, Fulcrum, 2001, pp. 21-28.

“Developing a Thesis.” Purdue OWL, Purdue University, 2014, https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/616/02/. [Original link has expired. See Purdue OWL’s updated version: Developing a Thesis]

Donne, John. “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning.” 1633. Reproduced from the Public domain.

Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom, Partridge and Oakey, 1855. “A Change Came O’er the Spirit of My Dream.” Lit2Go, University of Southern Florida, 2017, http://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/45/my-bondage-and-my-freedom/1458/chapter-11-a-change-came-oer-the-spirit-of-my-dream/. Reproduced from the Public domain.

Duncan, Benjamin. “Wage Transparency and the Gender Divide.” WR-121, Fall 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “Metacognitive Conclusion.” WR-121, Fall 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed, Henry Holt & Co., 2001.

Faces. “Ooh La La.” Ooh La La, 1973.

Franklin. “The Devil in Green Canyon.” WR-122, Summer 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR. [Franklin has requested that only his first name be used here.]

Filloux, Frederic. “Facebook’s Walled Wonderland Is Inherently Incompatible with News.” Monday Note, Medium, 4 December 2016, https://mondaynote.com/facebooks-walled-wonderland-is-inherently-incompatible-with-news-media-b145e2d0078c.

Foster, Thomas C. How to Read Literature Like a Professor, Harper, 2003.

Gallagher, Kelly. Write Like This, Stenhouse, 2011.

Gallop, Jane. “The Ethics of Reading: Close Encounters.” Journal of Curriculum and Theorizing, Vol. 16., No. 3, 2000, pp. 7-17.

Gawande, Atul. “Why Boston’s Hospitals Were Ready.” The New Yorker, 17 April 2013, https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/why-bostons-hospitals-were-ready.

Gaylord, Christopher. “Death at a Price Only Visitors Will Pay.” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “Planting the Seed: Norway’s Strong Investment in Parental Leave.” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Gazaille, Brian. “The Reading Analysis Kit.” Reproduced with permission from the author.

——. “The Short Story Kit.” Reproduced with permission from the author.

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures, Basic Books, 1973.

“Glaciers of Glacier Bay National Park.” National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 12 March 2018, https://www.nps.gov/glba/learn/kidsyouth/glaciers-of-glacier-bay-national-park.htm.

Glass, Ira and Miki Meek. “Our Town.” This American Life, NPR, 8 December 2017, https://www.thisamericanlife.org/632/our-town-part-one.

Greenbaum, Leonard. “The Tradition of Complaint.” College English, vol. 31, no. 2, 1969, pp. 174–187. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/374119.

Greenough, Paul. “Pathogens, Pugmarks, and Political ‘Emergency’: The 1970s South Asian Debate on Nature.” Nature in the Global South: Environmental Projects in South and Southeast Asia, Duke University Press, 2003, pp. 201-230.

Alexander, Jacob. “Reverse Outline.” WR-121, Spring 2018, Portland Community College, 2018.

Han, Shaogang. “Jasmine-Not-Jasmine.” A Dictionary of Maqiao, translated by Julia Lovell, Dial Press, 2005, pp. 352+.

Harding, Beth. “Slowing Down.” WR-323, Winter 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Holt, Derek. “Parental Guidance.” WR-323, Fall 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Jiminez, Kamiko, Annie Wold, Maximilian West and Christopher Gaylord. “Close Reading Roundtable.” Fall 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR. Recording and production assistance from Laura Wilson and Kale Brewer.

Kinsley, Michael. “The Intellectual Free Lunch.” 1995. The Seagull Reader: Essays, Norton, 2016, pp. 251-253.

Koening, John. “Sonder.” The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows, 22 July 2012, http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com/post/23536922667/sonder.

Kreinheder, Beth. “Maggie as the Focal Point.” WR-200, Spring 2018, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “The Space Between the Racial Binary.” WR-200, Spring 2018, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Le Guin, Ursula K. The Left Hand of Darkness, Ace, 1987.

Lewis, Samantha. “Effective Therapy Through Dance and Movement.” WR-222, Fall 2015, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Lopez, Cristian. “My Favorite Place.” WR-122, Summer 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Maguire, John G., with an introduction by Valerie Strauss. “Why So Many College Students are Lousy at Writing – and How Mr. Miyagi Can Help.” Washington Post, 27 April 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2017/04/27/why-so-many-college-students-are-lousy-at-writing-and-how-mr-miyagi-can-help/?utm_term=.b7241de544e2.

Marisol Meraji, Shereen and Gene Demby. “The Unfinished Battle in the Capital of the Confederacy.” Code Switch, NPR, 22 August 2017, https://one.npr.org/?sharedMediaId=545267751:545427322.

Marina. “Analyzing ‘Richard Cory.’” WR-121, Spring 2018, Portland Community College, Portland, OR. [Marina has requested that only her first name be used here.]

Marsh, Calum. “Moonlight (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack.” Pitchfork, 30 June 2017, https://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/nicholas-britell-moonlight-original-motion-picture-soundtrack/.

Mays, Kelly J. The Norton Introduction to Literature, Portable 12th edition, Norton, 2017.

McCallister, Josiah. “A Changing Ball-Game.” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Mills, Ryan. “Drag the River.” Originally published in 1001, issue 2, by IPRC. Reproduced with permission from the author.

Morris, Katherine. “Untitled.” WR-323, Spring 2016, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Morris, Kathryn. “Pirates & Anarchy [Annotated Bibliography].” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “Pirates & Anarchy [Proposal].” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “Pirates & Anarchy: Social Banditry Toward a Moral Economy.” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

“My Scrubs.” Scrubs, NBC Universal, 2007.

Naranjo, Celso. “What Does It Mean to Be Educated?” WR-323, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

O’Brien, Tim. “The Vietnam in Me.” The New York Times: Books, 2 Oct. 1994, http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/09/20/specials/obrien-vietnam.html. Reproduced here under Fair Use guidelines.

Page, Ellen and Ian Daniel, hosts. Gaycation. Viceland, VICE, 2016.

Perrault, Charles. “Little Red Riding Hood.” 1697. Making Literature Matter, 4th edition, edited by John Schlib and John Clifford, Bedford, 2009, pp. 1573-1576.

Preble, Mary. “To Suffer or Surrender? An Analysis of Dylan Thomas’s ‘Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night.’” WR-200, Spring 2018, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Reaume, Ross. “Home-Room.” WR-121, Fall 2014, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “Normal Person: An Analysis of The Standards of Normativity in A Plague of Tics.” WR-121, Fall 2014, Portland State University, Portland, OR. The essay presented in this text is a synthesis of Mr. Reaume’s essay and another student’s essay; the latter student wishes to remain anonymous.

Richardson, Cassidy. “Untitled.” WR-323, Fall 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Robinson, Edwin Arlington. “Richard Cory.” 1897. Reproduced from the Public domain.

Roche, Patrick. “21.” March 2014, CUPSI, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO. Video published by Button Poetry, 24 April 2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LnMhy8kDiQ.

Ryle, Gilbert. Collected Essays (1929-1968), vol. 2, Routledge, 2009, 479+.

Sagan, Carl. Cosmos, Ballantine, 2013.

Saifer, David. “‘Between the World And Me’: An Important Book on Race and Racism.” Tucson Weekly, 25 Aug. 2015, https://www.tucsonweekly.com/TheRange/archives/2015/08/25/between-the-world-and-me-an-important-book-on-race-and-racism. Reproduced with permission from the author and publication.

Shklovsky, Viktor. “Art as Technique.” 1925. Literary Theory: An Anthology, 2nd edition, edited by Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan, Blackwell, 2004, pp. 12-15.

Sterrett, Catherine. “Economics and Obesity.” WR-121, Fall 2017, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Taylor, Noel. “The Night She Cried.” WR-121, Fall 2014, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Uwuajaren, Jarune and Jamie Utt. “Why Our Feminism Must Be Intersectional (And 3 Ways to Practice It).” Everyday Feminisim, 11 Jan. 2015, http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/01/why-our-feminism-must-be-intersectional/.

Vazquez, Robyn. “Running Down the Hill.” 2 July 2017, Deep End Theater, Portland, OR.

——. Interview with Shane Abrams. 2 July 2017, Deep End Theater, Portland, OR.

Vo-Nguyen, Jennifer. “We Don’t Care About Child Slaves.” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Wetzel, John. “The MCAT Writing Assignment.” WikiPremed, Wisebridge Learning Systems LLC, 2013, http://www.wikipremed.com/mcat_essay.php [Link has expired since publication. For more information, see WikiPremed website.] Reproduced in accordance with Creative Commons licensure.

Wiseman, Maia. “Blood & Chocolate Milk.” WR-121, Fall 2014, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

Yoakum, Kiley. “Comatose Dreams.” WR-121, Fall 2016, Portland Community College, Portland, OR.

Zarnick, Hannah. “A Case of Hysterics [Annotated Bibliography].” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “A Case of Hysterics [Proposal].” WR-222, Spring 2017, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

——. “The Hysterical Woman.” WR-222, Spring